Since the middle of the last century, the leading position among hybrid tea roses has been deservedly occupied by the legendary Gloria dei, or Gloria Dei. In different countries, this variety has different names. For Italian growers, this rose is known as Gioia, in Germany the name of the variety sounds like Gloria Dei, and for flower growers in America and other English-speaking countries, the variety is called "Peace". In the flower beds of our country, "Gloria Day" was imported from German nurseries, which allowed to gain a foothold in the name generally accepted in Germany.
A rose called Gloria Day was bred as a result of crossbreeding between Georg Dixon and Claudia Pernet with Joanna Hill and Charles Kilham, with Margaret Mack Grady and F. Meilland. The variety was obtained by French breeders in the thirties of the last century, and the author of the variety and its description was Francis Meyan.
Initially, the rose "Gloria Day" was called "Madame A. Meilland", which was given to her by Francis Meilland in honor of her mother who died prematurely. Nevertheless, today this hybrid tea is known in most countries as "Gloria Dei" and belongs to the category of the most beloved, as well as the most common varieties in the world.
Rosa Gloria Day has become the constant winner of the most prestigious international competitions and exhibitions many times, and to this day she is considered a classic, as well as a benchmark for tea-hybrid roses, which allows the variety to be used in the development of new hybrid forms.
- pink bush "Gloria Dei" is vigorous, up to two meters high, quite branched, with good leafiness;
- the width of a straight-growing and sufficiently powerful bush does not exceed 80-90 cm under the conditions of correct pruning;
- leaves of a dark, deep green color, very decorative, with a pronounced glossy surface;
- large-sized buds, with a thick, pronounced terry, very attractive, goblet-shaped;
- the diameter of a fully opened flower can vary between 130-160 mm;
- at different stages of disclosure, the color of the petals changes and can vary from pale, pale-beige-yellow to bright yellow, with a very beautiful pink-red border;
- the aroma of the flower "Gloria Dei" is light and very pleasant, intensifying after rain or in the evening;
- the average number of petals in flowers varies between 26-43 pieces;
- shoots are powerful and well developed, contain single flowers or inflorescences of three to four flowers.
How to prune roses (video)
The first wave of flowering occurs from the last decade of June to the first days of July, and its duration exceeds a month. During one flowering wave, a rose bush of this variety forms about forty flowers, which makes it very decorative.
It should be noted that the hybrid tea variety "Gloria Dei" is extremely rare, and is characterized by an increased level of resistance to winter frosts. Cultivation of the Gloria Day rose in the southern regions involves timely preventive measures to protect the rose bush from being affected by black spotting.
To get not only beautiful, but also abundantly flowering bushes of tea-hybrid roses, planting of seedlings must be carried out according to the agricultural technology of this decorative culture:
- planting should be carried out in the first decade of May, choosing sunny, well protected from winds areas;
- the soil in the area for growing roses should not only be sufficiently fertile, but also have slightly acidic characteristics, as well as an optimally loose structure;
- Before planting, rose seedlings sold with an open root system must be saturated with moisture by dropping for several hours in water with plant stimulants, which can be used aloe juice;
- preliminary, you should prepare the landing pits, the size of which can vary depending on the diameter of the root system of the planted plant;
- the average distance between the planted rose bushes should be approximately 30-50 cm;
- Before immersing in the planting pit, the root system of the rose is recommended to dip in a clay mash based on two parts of clay, one part of water and manure.
Immediately after planting and light compaction of the soil around the rose bush, it is advisable to form a special irrigation earthen roller, which allows water to stay in the zone of the root system. Watering after planting should be plentiful and carried out with warm, standing water.
If necessary, shading of rose seedlings and mulching of the soil around the bushes is carried out. A good result is obtained by podoccuping the stem of a rose to a height of 12-14 cm, which helps to protect the lower buds from the negative effects of weather factors.
Hybrid Tea Standard Care is uncomplicated, and when growing roses Gloria Day, it is advisable to adhere to the following recommendations for the care of ornamental garden crops:
- pruning of rose bushes should be carried out both in spring and in summer and autumn;
- Of particular importance is the main, or spring, pruning of the plant, which must be done immediately after planting or removing the shelter from the bushes;
- young ornamental plants are recommended to be cut into two to three buds, while older specimens need to be cut to six to seven buds;
- in the last decade of October, pruning of foliage is required, as well as all unripe buds, too young or weak shoots;
- cosmetic pruning of the rose bush is systematically carried out, involving the removal of all faded flowers, broken or diseased shoots;
- in the first ten days of August, all fattening shoots are subject to removal, which will ensure the maturation and lignification of the lower part of the shoots before a significant cooling snap;
- fertilizing roses of the tea-hybrid variety should be carried out from May to July, twice a month, using complex mineral fertilizers and organics;
- starting from the last summer month, one should stop applying nitrogen fertilizers and feed rose bushes exclusively with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, which helps to activate the maturation of young shoots.
Before providing the rose bushes with shelter for the winter period, it is required to remove all unripe shoots, cut the foliage and treat the aerial part with a 3% solution of iron sulfate.
Florist tips and reviews
Reviews about the rose Gloria Day are invariably positive and characterize this ornamental plant as winter-hardy, blooming to the very frosts, after which the rose bush must be prepared for wintering and covered. According to experienced rose growers, the plant is hard enough to tolerate strong pruning, but during the growing season, it is necessary to remove all faded inflorescences.
Hybrid Tea Roses: Planting in Spring (video)
Variety "Gloria Day" is among the very photophilous and blooms best in open and sunny areas. However, it is recommended to remember that in too hot seasons, the yellow color of the petals often fades, and pink shades, on the contrary, become brighter. Flowers are not afraid of prolonged rains. Full development requires regular fertilizing with complex fertilizers, abundant irrigation, but without waterlogging of the soil.