Strawberries (Fragaria moschata) are common in the gardens of both the northern and southern regions of our country. The plant requires a lot of attention, especially in the spring. This work is not difficult for the gardener, but necessary for the plant. As soon as the snow is falling, the gardener needs to remember about a shovel and a chopper - two irreplaceable helpers in the garden. First, standard processing of the topsoil is done. The dried leaves are removed, the earth is loosened, added and fed. The land is cultivated with various solutions from pests - which has both advantages and disadvantages. Of course, pest control is an important aspect, but after winter the soil becomes completely defenseless before the sun - the earth can quickly become covered with crust, and then everything will have to start all over again.
You can do it in a more efficient way: sweep last year’s and not managed to rot grass and leaves, shape the beds, add organic and mineral fertilizers, treat the bushes with biological products to protect against diseases, mulch, give the beds a beautiful look. If you don’t remove the mulch, the earth will slowly warm up, the roots of the bushes will come to life more slowly, and the plant will grow longer.
How and how to process strawberries from pests and diseases
Strawberry pests are mainly processed in the spring. The plant has many enemies, and it often has diseases. What should be fought first of all?
- With strawberry mites.
- With leaf spotting.
- With nematodes.
- With gray rot and slugs.
Treatment from diseases and pests should be carried out immediately after the first leaves have appeared on the plant. It is important to carry out work before the appearance of flowers, otherwise the effect of chemicals will adversely affect the crop.
Protection against all diseases of strawberries can be performed using a simple series of treatments:
- 1.Spill the soil with a solution of Bordeaux fluid (1-%);
- 2. Carry out the treatment with Funanon or Topaz according to the instructions.
How to treat strawberries for diseases (video)
The presented actions will help prevent the appearance of plant diseases.
How to deal with strawberry mites
It is recommended to fight with a strawberry tick in the spring. If you do not take action immediately, you can lose the entire crop. There are 2 options:
- Perform Actellic treatment if the plant already has buds.
- To treat the plant with Fitoverm solution 2 times, if the flowers have not yet appeared.
The most commonly used treatment of plants with a solution of Fitoverm. Since insects are very tenacious, processing is carried out 2 times with a frequency of 10 days. The drug is delivered most often in ampoules. One ampoule contains 2 g of aversectin C solution per liter of water. The ampoule is simply broken and dissolved in water. And then spraying is carried out so that the solution covers the plant as abundantly as possible.
You can also process strawberries from ticks with Actellik - 2 ml. funds are diluted in 2 liters. water. If there are a lot of insects, 2 times less water is taken. Then the leaves of the plant are sprayed in dry, calm weather with a fresh solution.
How to eliminate nematodes
To process strawberries from nematodes (Nematoda) will have to be systematic. If you do not carry out the work, the plant will die. How to understand that strawberries are infected?
- The bush is getting smaller.
- Leaves turn yellow or red.
- Leaves shrink and curl.
- The cuttings of the bush turns red.
Spring pest control is carried out immediately after you find them. The processing method is better to choose the following:
- 1. Dig up the infected bushes and hold them in a salt solution - 15 g of salt per 1 liter of water.
- 2. Wait 15 minutes.
- 3. Wash the roots of the plant. Plant bushes back.
Important! Nematodes cannot withstand the presence of calendula, so this plant should be planted next to strawberries.
Treatment with folk remedies and chemicals
For garden strawberries to grow tasty, it is worth fighting against pests and diseases with folk remedies. They are safer than chemicals, but less effective. If you need to quickly deal with the problem, you should give preference to the purchase options. How to deal with the problem in one way or another, the table will tell.
The use of folk remedies involves more labor-intensive work, but this method is the most environmentally friendly. Chemicals act faster, but are dangerous both for the plant and for the environment.
Nuances and Tips
What else to know about getting rid of pests. Fighting them with biological products should be carried out at temperatures above 18 degrees. Simple hot water will help against pests. At a temperature of 60-65 degrees, it is necessary to water the bushes through gauze or a sieve. Bushes are watered from above, water should evenly fall on all leaves. This will help in pest control and accelerate plant growth.
For the good development of the fruits and leaves of the plant, gardeners must mulch the plant as soon as the warm weather is established. As a mulch, last year's foliage left over the winter can be used. Most often, coniferous branches are used for this - pine or spruce. They prevent plant diseases. Sometimes straw is used - it passes moisture well and prevents the fruits from rotting. There is one drawback - the possibility of pests, for example, slugs, but the method will help prevent the occurrence of a large number of diseases.
Strawberry: after-harvest care (video)
Strawberries are a crop prone to a large number of diseases. She has no less pest enemies, but if you follow protective measures and deal with emerging issues in a timely manner, the crop will be good.