Perennial clivia (Clivia) has only 7 species of its kind. At home, this flower grows up to 60 cm tall. Clivia propagates by lateral shoots, seeds and division of the bush. Proper care of young plants makes it possible to grow healthy flowering specimens, avoiding elementary problems.
Clivia propagation by side shoots
This method of propagation of the blooming beauty is the most reliable and simple. In a pot with an adult plant, over time you can find small sprouts on the sides. These are the “children” who should be sedated from the maternal part of the flower when they already have four strong leaves.
The process of jigging side shoots must be carried out, adhering to simple, but mandatory rules:
- each shoot should have 3-4 leaves;
- disturb the plant only at the end of its flowering period in the current year;
- to separate the "children" should be careful, taking care of the integrity of the roots of the mother flower system and young shoots;
- accidentally injured roots need to be covered with a layer of wood ash in places of damage.
Shoot the shoots in personal pots of 7 cm in diameter. For an adult flower, a small pot is also not used. Clivia's root system loves crowding. With this condition of the roots, the leaves of the flower grow more fleshy and saturated green.
The first two days after planting, the plant is not watered and kept warm for 20-25 degrees. Then, moderate watering is gradually resumed.
Young plants bloom for the first time in 2-3 years.
Seed propagation of a plant
For plant propagation by seeds, it is easiest to purchase them in a specialized store. If you want to get the seeds of your own labor, blooming clivia, it is necessary to produce artificial cross-pollination. To do this, use a thin watercolor brush to take pollen from one flower and carefully place it on the pistil of another flower. Thus, in a blooming clivia umbrella, which has about 60 flowers, half of them will be pollinated, and half will remain a source of pollination.
If the process succeeds, then at the end of flowering berries will form. At first they will be light green, and as they mature, they will darken in a brownish hue. Inside each of the ripe berries is 4-5 seeds.
This method of propagation of clivia gives a guarantee of 1/3 flowering specimens from all received.
Clivia: landing and care (video)
Planting seeds in the soil has preliminary measures and the following rules:
- soak the seeds for a day in warm water, leaving them in a warm place to swell;
- seeds are planted in a box, with a properly prepared mixture of earth, to a depth of 1 cm, at a distance of 2 cm from each other;
- cover with a film or glass, creating a greenhouse. provide moderate watering and a temperature of 20-25 degrees;
- as necessary, a box with seeds is ventilated, removing the greenhouse coating, and watered a little.
After 1.5 months, the first shoots will appear. When one strong leaf is formed on each sprout, they are planted in separate pots with soil from the mixture:
- deciduous soil (2);
- clay soil (1);
- humus (1).
Now, young flowers are looked after as adults, but they leave them a little more warmth.
Clivia seed sowing develops very slowly:
- First year - 2-3 new leaves appear.
- The second year - 3-4 pairs of leaves will be added.
- The third year and beyond - 2 pairs of new leaves per year.
For the first time, clivia will bloom only after 5-6 years.
Bush propagation technology
This method is applicable at the time of transplantation. In this case, the root system is divided into equal parts, and the places of the slices are covered with a layer of charcoal. Plants are placed in pots filled with the correct mixture of soil and are not watered for the next three days. Then, modest watering is resumed. Between each watering the soil should dry well.
Flowering of clivia, propagated by division of the bush, will resume only after a few years.
Recommended soil mixes and growing conditions
The soil in the pot with clivia should be loose and slightly acidic. The best mixes will be:
- turf land (2) + humus (1) + peat (1);
- turf land (1) + peat (0.5) + sand (1);
- turf land (1) + leaf land (1) + humus (1).
Clivia loves light and warmth, but leaving her in the hot sun is fatal. A flower pot is best placed on the windowsill of an east or west window. On the south side of the house, clivia must be protected from direct sunlight at noon. In summer, it is useful to take the flower to the garden or balcony, leaving it there in the open air in partial shade.
Clivia propagation by seeds (video)
Watering clivia should be moderate so that the soil has time to dry well. If water has collected in the pan during irrigation, it must be drained to prevent root decay. It is not worth spraying the flower. But when the leaves are covered with dust, they are gently spread with a soft, damp sponge.
Clivia is fed every two weeks, from the moment it was in the pot. For this purpose, organic and mineral fertilizers are used for indoor deciduous plants, strictly observing the dosages indicated on the package.
The dormancy of clivia lasts from September to November. During this period of time, the flower is put in a cool place and watering is completely stopped. In this case, the leaves may turn yellow and fall, which is a natural process of wintering a plant.
Possible development problems and solutions
With proper care of clivia, she will feel great. But it happens that clivia leaves dry, turn yellow or become stained, trying to signal errors in its content:
- The leaves dry and wrinkle, talking about over-dried soil. Do not forget about watering the flower.
- The spots rotted on the leaves, their yellowing and falling during the period of the plant's active state show an excess of moisture in the roots. To save the flower, it urgently needs to be transplanted into a new substrate and henceforth do not exceed the permissible watering and allow the soil to dry well.
- Dry spots on the leaves are sunburns of clivia. The flower needs to be removed from direct summer sunlight that burns it.
Vegetative propagation of clivia (video)
Clivia is sometimes attacked by spider mites and aphids. If such a nuisance has overtaken a plant, then it must immediately be treated with a special preparation purchased in a specialized flower department. If you do not drive away pests, they can destroy the flower.