Summer and winter varieties of Williams pear are deservedly popular in our country, and their description and varietal characteristics are interesting not only to amateur gardeners, but also to small gardening companies involved in the cultivation of this crop for the purpose of further processing or marketing of fruit products. Most often there are positive reviews about these varieties, so they are in demand in most regions of our country.
Description of the Williams Rouge Delbar Pear
This variety in our country is better known under the names "Williams Red" or "Max Red Bartlet" and is zoned for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.
A plant of small plants, with a sparse, pyramidal, fairly compact crown, the branches of which extend from the stem at an angle of 35 °, after which they have an arcuate deviation towards the ground. The stamp is covered with fissured bark. The main branches have a smooth, light gray coating. The Williams Rouge Delbara variety is characterized by average leaf crown characteristics.
Shoots are straight, cranked, medium in both length and thickness, with a brownish-green color with a burgundy shade on the sunny side. At the stage of complete ripening, the bark on the shoots acquires a pronounced brown color with small elongated lentils. The indicators of shoot formation ability are quite average. The foliage is medium in size, dark green, with a shiny surface, elongated, ovate in shape. The edge of the leaf plates, raised up, has a straight central vein. The apical part of the annual shoots is characterized by the presence of burgundy red, with pubescence, foliage and bark. Flowering is relatively late, but the flowers have sufficient resistance to low temperatures.
Pear Williams: growing (video)
Fruits are large enough, pear-shaped, with slight tuberosity on the surface. Characteristic is the presence of a thin, very delicate and shiny skin, covered with a blush of maroon color. At the stage of complete ripening, the fruits acquire a bright red color. On the entire surface of the fetus there are clearly visible, small sizes, yellow or yellowish-pink staining, numerous subcutaneous points.
Pear pulp of yellowish-white color, soft and juicy, melting in the mouth, texture, sweet and sour taste with a musky finish. It is recommended to collect fruits at the stage of removable maturity, in the last decade of summer. Before full consumer maturity, about two to three weeks pass. Under optimal storage conditions, the fruits are perfectly preserved until the last decade of autumn.
When growing in home gardening it is very important to supplement the planting
“Favorite Klappa”, “Bere Giffard”, “Bere Gardi”, “Forest Beauty” or “Olivier de Serre”. This variety is demanding on high agricultural technology., and is also characterized by responsiveness to timely top dressing with organic fertilizers, has average winter hardiness and drought tolerance. Due to its weak growth and early maturity, the variety belongs to the category of promising pears for use in intensive home gardening.
Pear variety "Williams winter"
Pear "Williams winter" is also known as an early winter triploid variety of Cure or Curé of unknown origin. In our country, a pear of this variety is often called the "Winter large", "Pastoral", "Plebanovka" or "Popskaya". The plant is vigorous and very durable, with well leafy and dense, wide-pyramidal crown. High yields often provoke the formation of a drooping crown with lowered shoots.
The main shoots extend from the stem at an angle of 50about. The stem and skeletal branches are covered with gray fissured bark. Fruits plants on three-year-old wood and small stands. Crank type, long and not too thick shoots, covered with a light brown bark. The foliage is dark green, not large, with a broad ovoid-rounded shape. The edge of the leaves is raised, and the tips are bent down. Edges of leaves with shallow and sharp serration. The leaf plates are smooth, glossy, fairly thick and leathery. Leaves are located on medium and thin petioles.
How to plant a pear (video)
The fruits are large enough, weighing up to 235-255 g, with slight asymmetry of an elongated pear-shaped. Covered with a smooth, matte, fairly thick and dense. At the removal stage, the main staining of the fetus is light green. When fully ripened, the fruits are whitish-lemon-yellow in color with a pinkish blush. Small and numerous subcutaneous points are clearly visible. A characteristic varietal characteristic is the presence of a rusty-brown strip extending along the entire length of the fruit. White, with a yellowish or cream tint, the flesh has a fine-grained texture, medium in density, tender and semi-melting, with medium juiciness and an unexpressed muscat aroma. The pulp is characterized by astringency and the presence of stony cells around the seeds.
In adverse weather conditions, palatability may be grassy. Harvested fresh, but also suitable for processing. Low calorie fruits allows you to use them in diet food.
Variety "Williams summer"
Many domestic amateur gardeners know this variety under such names as "Duchess summer", "Bon-Chretien Williams" or "Bartlett". Variety "Williams summer" has become widespread in the southern regions of our country and it deservedly belongs to the category of world standards, being a high-quality standard. According to experienced amateur gardeners, this dessert variety is perfect not only for industrial use, but also very promising for cultivation in amateur and home gardening.
A plant of medium growth strength, with a broad and pyramidal crown, with broad foliage and asymmetry. The fruit tree stem and the main skeletal branches are covered with gray and smooth bark. On thick, straight or arched shoots there is a large, egg-shaped, with a short peaking, smooth and shiny foliage. Long flowering, in the late stagesresistant to not too favorable weather factors. The fruits are most often large in size, weighing between 165-175 g. The fruits are distinguished by an elongated pear-shaped and have a slight tuberosity on the surface.
The pulp is covered with fragrant, thin, glossy, light green or yellowish skin with medium-sized grayish dots. Rusty spots and a not too pronounced blush on the fruits are rare. The yellowish-white color, tender and melting, very juicy, wine-sweet taste, the flesh has a peculiar muscat aroma and dessert taste. The variety belongs to the category of self-infertiletherefore, it is recommended to plant "Clapp's Beloved" and "Forest Beauty" or "Olivier de Serre" to increase the rate of pollination. The best scion is quince, on which fruiting occurs already in the third or fourth year.
Pear: variety selection (video)
It is important to note that all Williams pear varieties have sufficient, but not the highest winter hardiness and drought tolerance. The advantages include the lack of exactingness in soil conditions. Nevertheless, in order to obtain a stable and maximally high yield of highly productive and tasty fruits, it is recommended to allocate fertile, well-provided with moisture soils for growing fruit crops.