In natural conditions, dracaena is a tree, the aerial part of which can reach a height of twenty meters. At home, the indoor flower has a much more modest size, and its types and varieties differ not only in the strength of growth, but also in color and shape of the foliage.
Homeland and poisonous dracaena
The names of the dracaena are derived from the Greek language, and the word "dracaena" is translated as "female dragon." Dracaena refers to perennial, evergreen plants from the agave family. A slender tree-like false palm tree has a lignified stem part, which ends with a bunch of foliage at the top. Palm-like ornamental plants grown indoors are unpretentious and are able to harmoniously fit into almost any interior. The homeland of the plant is the tropics of Asia and Africa, as well as the Canary Islands.
Indoor species and varieties of dracaena have an aerial part, a height of three to six meters. The foliage is long, represented by beautifully painted leaves. Depending on the species, the foliage can be plain, striped and motley, wide or narrow. Leafy, without the presence of cuttings, with parallel veins. The leaves collected in bunches are concentrated on the apical part or distributed along the entire height of the stem.
The description suggests a fairly rare flowering when grown at home. The flowers are pink or white, very small in size. As a rule, flowers open at night. The fragrance can be gentle and quite pleasant, but there are species whose flowers are distinguished by the presence of a sharp, very unpleasant odor. The inflorescence looks like a relatively magnificent panicle, after flowering of which the fruit-berries are formed.
Dracaenas are grown as ornamental-deciduous plants, since in indoor conditions they bloom extremely rarely and are valued solely due to beautiful foliage. Dracaena - the plant is not poisonous, therefore completely safe for the owner. These indoor plants are very unpretentious, and caring for them is quite simple, which makes dracaena one of the most popular and popular among domestic flower growers.
Types of Dracaena by staining
Despite the fact that in indoor and garden floriculture, dracaena has long been deservedly popular, some types of this decorative culture are more in demand, due to excellent adaptability for growing at home, attractive appearance and undemanding care.
Popular varieties of dracaena
Today, domestic flower growers are well aware of just a huge number of varieties of dracaena, but, according to most, The following deserve special attention:
- variety called "Kelleri" with small yellowish spots on medium-sized leaves;
- foliage varieties "Florida Beauty" similar to Dieffenbachia foliage and differs in sharp tips and creamy spots;
- fast growing variety "Janet Craid" has wide shiny dark green leaves with rare and few colored stripes;
- variety "Warneckii Jumbo" differs in compactness and highly decorative wide leaves;
- one of the most decorative varieties "Shrijveruana" has a wide yellowish-white border;
- for garden form "Bauser" the presence of a white stripe located along the central leaf vein and dark green side stripes is characteristic;
- garden uniform "Song of India" has highly branched stems and attractive foliage with a yellow trim;
- grade "Pelomele" forms lush grayish-green bushes that can become a worthy decoration of the interior;
- variety "Milky Way" possesses spectacular staining, represented by numerous white dots located along the entire central vein;
- small point variety "Punctulata" has light green rings that stand out well against a dark green background;
- a variety of fringed dracaena called "Bicolor" characterized by narrow leaves with longitudinal pink stripes;
How to transplant dracaena (video)
- variety "Coloram" differs in wide red stripes, due to which the aerial part of the plant seems completely red;
- distinctive varietal feature "Tricolor" the presence of red, green and yellow stripes on the foliage;
- a classic is considered to be a variety "Bauset"with a prominent snow-white strip on a dark green background.
The line of varieties is deservedly very popular. "Stripe", including White Stripe, Yellow Stripe, and Green Stripe. For dracaena of these varieties, the presence of white, yellow or green borders on leaf plates is characteristic.
By creating a tropical culture optimal conditions for growth and development, the florist gets the opportunity to decorate the garden or room interior with a durable and highly decorative plant:
- the temperature in the spring and summer should be 18 - 200FROM;
- the temperature regime in late autumn and winter should be at the level of 15-180FROM;
- watering in the summer is carried out after a light drying of the earthen coma;
- irrigation measures in winter are carried out after a strong drying of an earthen coma in a flower pot;
- depending on the type and variety, direct sunlight or bright diffused lighting, as well as light shading, may be comfortable for a decorative culture;
- for the cultivation of dracaena, a nutrient substrate consisting of part of the turf land, part of humus and part of sand is ideally suited;
- in the period from April to the last decade of August, with an interval of a couple of weeks, the decorative plant is fed with a solution based on nitroammophoska, divorced from the calculation of a teaspoon per liter of water;
- mineral fertilizing can be alternated with the application of fertilizers of organic origin.
How is dracaena propagated (video)
For dracaena of any kind, a vegetative type of reproduction is characteristic, based on the rooting of the stem offspring, apical cuttings or stem. Some varieties and species can also be propagated through seed material. The simplest and most affordable is the propagation by stem offspring and the cultivation of decorative culture by apical cuttings. It is important to note that apical cuttings contribute to the rejuvenation of the plant or change its size.