Conifers in the landscape design of a summer cottage have been used for a relatively long time. Coniferous groups have a highly decorative appearance and are perfectly combined with deciduous and flowering plants, which allows you to make very beautiful and original garden compositions in the garden and cottage.
Basic rules for placing conifers in the garden
Tall conifers can be used in the garden as tapeworms, as well as when creating malls or large group compositions. Coniferous varieties and species that have changes in the nature of growth processes are especially valuedhaving a crown of unusual shape, and also characterized by an unusual type or color of needles with long-term preservation of decorative qualities.
As a rule, such plants are characterized by low height or belong to dwarf forms.. A wide variety of varieties and species allows for the landscaping of mixborders, as well as the design of a personal landscape and garden spaces with ground cover plants. A successful combination with many other cultures allows you to effectively and quickly decorate rock gardens, paths along the house or the coastal zone of natural and artificial reservoirs with your own hands.
Conifers in the landscape design of the summer cottage
The use of such plants in the landscape design of a personal garden or garden plot is justified for many reasons:
- conifers do not change their color and do not lose their visual appeal year-round;
- varieties and hybrid forms differ in a variety of colors and shapes;
- such crops can very well retain dust and reduce external noise;
- special substances released by needles inhibit the spread of bacterial and viral infections;
- able to enrich air with oxygen and a significant amount of volatile.
Regardless of what types of forms the landscape is shaped, such vegetation is attractive and very useful. Typically, collections include different growth forces of conifers.
How to use conifers in landscape design (video)
All undersized species are represented:
- dwarf species with an annual increase of 80-150 mm;
- miniature species with annual growth of 30-80 mm;
- microscopic species with an annual increase of not more than 30 mm.
The most popular undersized species and varieties in the design of the landscape:
- ordinary spruce beech. It has a dense flattened crown, an increase of one and a half centimeters and apical branches. Growth is predominantly wide;
- Kempfer's larch "Blue Dwarf" is a very low-growing and slow-growing varieties with a rounded and dense crown and hanging ends of twigs;
- Canadian Tsuga Tracilis of the Oldenburg variety belongs to slow-growing dwarf forms with a height of about 25-30 cm and a crown diameter of 40-50 cm;
- ordinary dwarf pine varieties "Elk" with a stance type of growth and highly decorative bluish-green needles;
- miniature fir noble varieties "Abies procera" is one of the most popular conifers;
- Canadian Tsuga of the variety "Jeddeloh" is the most common dwarf form with a semicircular shape and spiral-spaced branches;
- Western dwarf thuja of the Danica variety, with a height of not more than 80 cm, has a dense and spherical crown with a diameter of 100 cm with a scaly, dense, light green or brownish-green crown.
Depending on the level of illumination, soil and climatic features and care, the height of the crop may vary.
Plants of medium growth power are less demanding in care and harmoniously complement deciduous shrubs, and also go well with roses of different species.
The most popular mid-sized species and forms in the design of the landscape:
- the Serbian spruce of the Glauka Pendula variety has flexible thin shoots hanging down the stem;
- Blue spruce Blue Diamonds has a tall thin trunk and a neatly shaped conical crown;
- Canadian Piccolo spruce is distinguished by a bright and elegant above-ground part with the presence of emerald-green needles, which cast blue under the sun's rays;
- evergreen spruce "Konika" has a very attractive and original appearance, as well as slow growth, which is why it is very popular in our country;
- the medium-sized fruiting berry shrub yew has very beautiful needles, due to which it looks great when decorating the local area and recreation area;
- medium-sized thuja is an unusual spherical plant, consisting of dense and vertically arranged branches;
- golden yew is characterized by a cup-shaped crown and needles in a yellowish color, and is also great for growing in shaded areas.
Landscape design is not always able to look fully-fledged if the overall picture of the design is not supplemented by tall conifers.
For registration tall plants often used planting thuja, pine and spruce, which are unpretentious and durable.
The most popular tall species and forms in the design of the landscape:
- Vaterri pine is an evergreen large shrub with a columnar, dense or more loose, umbrella-shaped, very picturesque crown and a reddish trunk;
- the blue sun-loving spruce Hoopsii has a stable and predictable growth, reaching a height of 10 m with a width of 4 m;
- "Pencil tree" or Juniper Skyrocket is a vertically growing shrub or tree up to 12 m high with a width of 5 m;
- evergreen shrub plant golden yew with a spherical shape in the aerial part up to 4 m high with a width of not more than 5 m with needles of golden yellow or greenish-yellow staining;
- spiky tall spruce "Hupsi" reaches a height of 13-15 m and has a dense needles of silver-blue color;
- juniper of the Skyrocket variety reaches a height of 3 m and has a very beautiful conical crown with blue needles;
- Western thuja is most often used in creating hedges, easily tolerates haircuts and reaches a height of 5 m.
Tall conifers should be planted in strict accordance with technology and taking into account their growth strength.
In recent years, a particular popularity in the design of small home gardens ground cover or creeping highly decorative varieties are increasingly used:
- Norway spruce "Lombers" is one of the most popular and demanded shrubbery plants spreading on the ground with attractive emerald-green color;
- European larch of the Repens variety is a very attractive low-growing creeping plant with weeping branches lying on the ground;
- thuja "Timi-Tini" is a spherical, rather drought-tolerant plant that does not require special attention and abundant watering;
- mountain pine "Hampi" is most often used for decorative design of rock gardens, and in winter the buds on the plant acquire a very attractive red hue;
- a miniature pug is able to grow on the ground surface with a very attractive and uniform fluffy pillow.
No less popular are pillow-shaped and weeping spruces, as well as horizontal junipers of the Blue Chip and Blue Forest varieties, with a height of 20-40 cm with needle-shaped and very prickly needles.
How to make a composition of conifers (video)
Compositions from conifers: options and rules for compilation
The conifers are perfectly combined with other conifers and green spaces. Before composing the compositions, it is very important to determine the width of the growth of such a culture and the characteristics of care.
Deciduous shrubs and conifers
Decorative landscape compositions on a personal plot must necessarily include a wide variety of elements that look the most attractive and advantageous.
It should be remembered that not all cultures coexist safely with each other, and that is why when combining different representatives of the plant world on one site, it is very important to take into account their main biological features. Especially this rule applies to varieties of juniper that can be affected by "rust."
Compositions from thuja and conifers
Vegetation with blue needles looks great on a green background. In such compositions, thuja must be planted in the background, and the foreground should be decorated with a dwarf thuja and rock juniper.
Tall coniferous vegetation in the form of spruces and pines located near garden stairs or retaining walls, complemented by medium-tall arborvitae and low-growing deciduous crops, harmoniously combines as tall as possible. Need to remember that pine with cedar and thuja with spruce take root quite hard, therefore, such combinations should be minimized.
Ephedra with roses and other garden flowers
Coniferous cultures are beautiful not only by themselves, but also combine very well in all kinds of compositions with a variety of decorative foliage or flowering plants. They serve as a magnificent backdrop for flowering deciduous crops such as roses, rhododendrons and hydrangeas. The palette of colors, shades and textures can be very diverse.
Beautiful coniferous plants
When performing the layout of conifers, it is very important to take into account the growth characteristics of the plantd, as well as the state and development of the crown of culture in adulthood, which will not allow the harmony of the composition to be violated over time. Experts recommend that when creating a landscape composition on their own, adhere to the basic principles of contrast and place popular low-growing crops with a spherical crown on the front background of high pyramidal conifers.
Prickly spruce varieties of "Bialobok", as well as western thuja varieties of "Smaragd" and Yellow Ribbon, juniper ordinary varieties "Hibernica" and "Meyer" or yew berry perfectly proved themselves as peaks. Very spectacularly can be dominated by Conica blue spruce. Plants with various forms of the crown can be planted as a second tier. In coniferous mixborders, they must select crops that are diverse in height, shape of the crown, and coloring of the crown of the crop.
Group plantings can be varied with bright flowering rhododendrons, evergreen gaulteria, heathers or variegated shrubs.
Protecting the coniferous garden from the sun and frost
In winter, conifers are the least affected by low-temperature regimes, and the main danger for them is a frosty and withering wind. Special attention is required to varieties grown in low snow and frosty areas, as well as in Siberia and the Far East.
Container is not too voluminous plant, it is desirable to bring in the room for the winter. If necessary, you can cover the street container culture with ordinary spruce spruce branches, creating a kind of "hut". Open-field conifers require warming of the trunk circle a layer of sawdust, straw, peat or pine needles, after which the stem part is wrapped with non-woven material or burlap.
Polyethylene is not suitable for winter shelter. It is advisable to install screens or screens in order to protect against gusty wind and spring sunlight. A sprawling coniferous plant needs the binding of branches and the construction of a canopy or screen. Adult crops such as cedar, yew, fir, spruce and pine need shelter in the winter.
How to plant conifers (video)
For the cultivation of almost any variety of coniferous crops in a personal landscape, plots that are well protected from cold gusty winds and bright sunlight are optimally suitable. It is best to purchase such plants in nurseries, where the culture has already passed the initial stage of adaptation to agroclimatic conditions in a particular region.