A mixborder of shrubs and perennials is full of flowers, textures and shapes. The multi-row mixed flower garden, elongated in shape, is designed for frontal viewing. Mixborder, in addition to trees and shrubs, includes islands of grassy and flowering plants.
Basic rules for creating a DIY mixborder
When planning mixborders, they take into account environmental factors - soil features, the degree of illumination.
The most common forms are:
In the foreground, grassy plants are arranged in tiers. In the back are shrubs or low trees that create a permanent flower bed base.
The way the plants are arranged in height depends on where the flower garden will be located.
On each site there is a place from which the mixborder will be best seen and from which you can admire the compositions created by your own hands. These are the viewpoints - a bench, a terrace, a gazebo. The tallest plant should be located at a distance of two or three of its heights from the species point.
Landing at a permanent place begins with the highest plants and ends with groundcover. For medium and long-range plans use plants that are painted more intensely. Foregrounds are more often occupied by more modest stunted flowers.
How to create a mixborder (video)
All elements of the flower garden must meet the requirements of the style.
Basic styles of mixborder:
- rustic - use plants with rough textured leaves and fluffy inflorescences that make up small flowers (cultivated dahlia, mallow, digitalis, calendula, nasturtium);
- exotic - the components of the flower garden are not typical for the area;
- garden style requires plants with glossy leaves and large flowers (peonies, roses, lilies, echinacea, antirrinum, petunia);
- naturgarden, or a natural garden, as close as possible to nature both in appearance and in the set of unpretentious plants of meadow or forest types (primrose, lily of the valley, swimsuit, bell).
Shrubbery and perennial mixborders: choosing plants for compositions
Plants are selected by height, flowering time, bush shape, color and degree of labor intensity of cultivation.
When the device takes into account the approximate distance from the viewpoint to the flower garden. In order for plants of different heights to look harmonious, they must be carefully selected in height.
About 10 species of plants are used for a small mixborder.
Recommended number of plants per 1 square. m:
- tall (above 1 m) - 1-5 pieces;
- medium-sized (40-60 cm) - from 5 to 9;
- undersized (20-40 cm) - 9-11;
- ground cover from 30 to 55.
The choice of assortment depends on the illumination of the site, the styling of the mixboder, the height of the plants and the intended color scheme.
Perennial mixborders: ready-made schemes and device
The effect of prolonged flowering is achieved by selecting plants that will bloom one after the other from early spring to the first snow. To create a continuously flowering composition, use the flowering calendar of perennials.
Stages of creating a mixborder
Thoroughly prepare the soil 2-3 weeks before planting: remove weeds, dig and fertilize. A border tape is dug around the perimeter of the flower garden so that its upper edge protrudes slightly above the ground. This technique will not allow weeds to creep into the flower garden.
Make a drawing, applying scale - for small flower beds 1:10, for large 1:50. The contours of the flower garden are applied to a sheet of paper and the places of planting of the selected plants are placed in the form of irregular ovals and circles.
Flowers are planted in the evening or in cloudy weather.
Shrub mixborder (video)
Plants are arranged on the principle of an amphitheater in a one-sided mixborder placed against a wall or fence - from tall to low and ground cover.
Tall plants are planted in the center, low on the periphery:
- in a two-way view - the mixborder is between the paths;
- with a circular view - the mixborder is located on the lawn.
The height of the largest plant should not be more than the width of the flower garden itself. On one-sided borders, this rule does not apply.
The design uses decorative mulching materials - gravel, wood chips or bark, which emphasize the aesthetics of the flower garden and reduce the time spent on care.
Mixborder from medicinal plants
Medicinal plants possess not only medicinal, but also decorative qualities. The assortment of medicinal plants is so diverse that you can create a flower garden as monochrome, and in any color scheme.
- Yellow orange palette: arnica, immortelle sand, gentian yellow, elecampane tall, St. John's wort perforated, cinquefoil erect, spring primrose.
- Blue gamma: periwinkle small, hyssop officinalis, narrow-leaved lavender, peppermint, medicinal sage.
- Mauve: sweet frankincense, blue cornflower, common oregano, officinalis hemorrhage, forest malva, heartwort, thyme creeping, rosehip wrinkled.
- Whites: Moldavian snakehead, black cohosh, daisy, medicinal lemon balm, meadowsweet meadowsweet, Damask nigella.
Mix border boarder
Located at some distance from groups of trees and shrubs. They use meadow flowers - bells, rudbeckia, yarrow, and sweetberry. Abundantly flowering annuals are introduced into the assortment to create bright accents - snapdragons, petunias, ageratum, lobularia.
Mixborder between track and garden shrubs
A shrub has been planted along the fence, next to it is a narrow strip of land, partially shaded. On a shady area, hosts, incense, tiara, astilbe are planted - plants with picturesquely colored leaves. Petunias, ageratum, and phloxes grow in the foreground, better illuminated. In the next tier there are fragrant annuals - left-handed and lobularia.
Mixed flower beds from bushes and conifers
Mixborder retains decorativeness throughout the year. In spring, some tree species - apple tree, cherry, plum - have a beautiful color. Even the needles of coniferous trees are colored differently.
Needles and heather
Compact forms of coniferous and heather trees, located in a shady place, form the basis. Herbaceous perennials complement the composition. Ground cover plants complete the structure of the flower garden. Such mixborders need well-drained soils. Mulch with pine or spruce needles.
Decoratively deciduous and flowering shrubs
Choose compact and trimmable shrubs - Almonds, Kuril tea, Japanese quince. Beautifully flowering shrubs - hydrangea, tree peonies, roses are the decoration of the composition. Evergreen shrubs (mahonia, boxwood, Iberis) and shrubs with fancifully colored leaves (silver goof, barberry, gray spirea, Japanese spirea) effectively complement the flower garden. Softwoods are used in moderation. Ground cover plants are placed on the front edge - tenacious, carpet phlox, stonecrops, saxifrages. You can not do without blooming perennials - primroses, violets, daisies, and compact annuals - lobelia, beetroot, portulax.
Basic rules for creating mixborders (video)
When designing the design of their site, they strive to ensure that new compositions complement existing landings and harmonize with each other.