The proper design of tree trunk circles of fruit trees is one of the options for landscape design in the garden, and does not require a lot of time, effort and money.
Trunk circles in the garden: care features
The trunk circle is the nutritional area occupied by the root system of a plant located in the crown projection. When planting seedlings in a permanent place, the diameter of the landing pit is considered as a trunk circle, but in the process of plant growth, the size of the trunk circle increases. Most often, the root system of the culture extends over a considerable distance, so you need to draw or decorate the trunk circle around the trunk correctly.
Care for the near-trunk zone should be carried out in accordance with the following recommendations:
- in the early spring, it is necessary to free the trunks from the snow mass, which will allow the soil to dry quickly and warm up well;
- in order to delay vegetation and flowering, you can use such simple techniques as trampling snow in the radius of the crown, mulching with peat, manure and humus, which allows you to slow down the heating of the soil;
- the soil around the trunks should be kept under the so-called "black steam", so you need to carry out three-time loosening;
- dig the soil to a depth of half the bayonet of the shovel you need to be very careful, while loosening and removing weeds;
- in dry weather, the soil needs to be sufficiently moistened, and irrigation measures are best supplemented by mulching with peat, humus, rotted manure or compost;
- it is very important to control the appearance of the wild game, which should be systematically removed at a certain depth from the soil surface.
Throughout the entire period of active vegetation, garden plantings should be fed with fertilizers. The main fertilizer dressing is used, as well as fertilizing the soil with liquid or dry fertilizers, and the foliar version of fertilizing. Organic and mineral fertilizers are used for the main refueling in spring and autumn. About 6-8 kg of organics in the form of manure or peat compost, as well as 60-70 g of superphosphate, 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate and 15-20 g of potassium chloride or potassium salt are applied per square meter of the near-stem zone.
For closing dry fertilizers, forks or choppers are used. At the stage of active growth processes, in order to increase productivity and improve winter hardiness, high-grade complex fertilizers are used. In preparation for winter, preference should be given to wood ash, superphosphate and potassium chloride.
How to form trunk trunks (video)
Design options for trunks of fruit trees
In the conditions of home gardening, several options for soil registration around the trunks of fruit and berry trees are used, including creating a flower garden or decorative mulching with special materials.
The main goal of mulching, from the point of view of agricultural technology, is to improve soil characteristics and preserve moisture by reducing its evaporation. Also, decorative mulching allows you to:
- minimize the development of weeds;
- prevent soil compaction;
- provide good airflow to the root system;
- mask drip irrigation systems and lighting supply;
- contrast the plants against the background of flower beds;
- to give garden plantings the most accurate, well-groomed and attractive appearance.
Most often, mulching with painted loose materials in the form of colored sawdust and bark or wood chips is used. The use of decorative pebbles gives a good result. The layer should not exceed 10 cm. A layer of agril, lutrasil, spanbond or other permeable materials is lined with loose decorative mulching material, due to which irrigation measures should be reduced by about a third.
Flowerbed around trees with shade-tolerant flowers
Usually, in round-trunk circles, a round or polygonal flowerbed is formed, on which many shade-tolerant flowering ornamental crops quite successfully grow:
- lily of the valley - a perennial shade-tolerant, unpretentious, drought-tolerant plant from the lily family;
- bear bow - a decorative, flowering plant, characterized by edible vitamin petioles and leaves;
- liverwort - perennial popular plant, very attractive in April, immediately after the snow mass disappeared;
- fragrant violet - forming a continuous undersized decorative cover, and blooming profusely in the first decade of May;
- host - perennial, shade-tolerant, very decorative culture, perfectly suitable for any garden compositions;
- heichera - a perennial herb from the family of Saxifragidae, with long-term preservation of external attractiveness;
- fern - a relatively rare category of plants that do not have seeds, and have recently been widely used in landscape design;
- astilba - perennial from the family of Saxifragidae with long, lush flowering, shade tolerance and resistance to high soil moisture;
- astrantia - A wonderful shade-tolerant perennial with very attractive and unusual inflorescences;
- brunner - a grassy rhizome plant from the Borax family, which does not require special care.
Goryanka, garden irises, phlox, and medunica can also be grown.
How to decorate a plot under a tree with groundcover plants
In small areas, in the area of trunks, It is recommended to give preference to decorative ground cover crops:
- hoof - maintains its decorativeness in the shade all year round, but prefers rather loose soils;
- survivor - a fairly rapidly growing culture capable of forming a good ground cover;
- periwinkle or "witching violet" - a creeping shrub or perennial grass from the Kutrovy family;
- stonecrop - refers to the genus Succulent plants and the family Crassulaceae, as well as known under such popular names as "hernial grass" and "fever grass";
- euonymus - a highly decorative perennial low shrub is most often planted in the tree-trunk circles of large-sized plants;
- cuff - perennial herbaceous plant from the family of Rosaceae, with medicinal properties and absolutely unpretentious.
A little less often in near-stem circles, a very attractive and unpretentious clove grass is grown.
Siderata: decor and benefits for the orchard
Very many experienced gardeners prefer to use tree trunks for sowing with herbs or green manure:
- there is a gradual enrichment of the soil with nutrient components and an improvement in the qualitative composition;
- the creation of a peculiar plant pillow from sideral plants does not allow weeds to actively develop;
- in the summer, such crops serve as very good soil protection in the near-stem circle from excessive evaporation of moisture.
Thus, the near-trunk circle of fruit trees, filled with correctly selected sideral vegetation, practically does not need digging and cultivation, and also allows you to save the fertile layer of the earth.
How to decorate the trunk circle with decorative elements
To give the garden planting an original and stylish appearance, Recently, special decorative elements have been increasingly used:
- low fences can be made of natural materials, plastic tapes, improvised tools, as well as early bulb crops, represented by crocuses, chionodoxes, cannons, galanthus, erantis, dwarf anemones, primulas, daisies or viols;
- ready-made typesetting constructions from modern polymeric materialsresistant to adverse external factors have a very high decorative and durability;
- natural stones belong to the category of the most simple design. The design of the near-trunk circle with the help of decorative borders made of cobblestone, brick or stone slabs is very important in modern landscapes. The border is not laid out close to the stem, and with proper design with the presence of moisture retention holes, it is possible to obtain durable and original decors.
Containers and baskets of flowers are quite popular, but not always suitable for decoration of plants with a superficial root system, which is due to the severity and reduced air flow to the roots.
Bosquets as a decoration option
Correctly created round or square bosquets look very attractive and neat. This design is solid, reaching the stem of the tree and is a kind of wide border, inside which the space is mulched by wood chips or pebbles.
How to mulch trees with sawdust (video)
The most optimal cultures for creating a low bosquet can be:
- Thunberg Barberry;
- common barberry;
- privet ordinary;
- single-haw hawthorn;
- felt cherry;
- steppe cherry;
- sand cherry;
- cotoneaster brilliant;
- Kalinolistny vesicle.
Western thuja is very popular, which is characterized by incredible shade tolerance and allows you to create dense hedges.
Rules for planting plants under trees
Before you begin planting ornamental crops in the area around the trunks of garden plantings, you need to make sure that the tree does not have a surface location of the root system. The average depth of digging and loosening of soil should not exceed 10-12 cm. This depth is enough to prepare the landing holes for planting shade-tolerant perennials.
In the process of digging, complex fertilizers can be added for decorative foliage or abundantly flowering crops. Landings must be abundantly irrigated with water at room temperature. It is recommended to mulch between the flowers, which will allow for a long time to retain moisture and improve the survival rate of seedlings.
How to care for fruit trees (video)
With the help of flowering, ground cover crops and natural materials, even empty areas under garden trees easily turn into very picturesque and attractive recreation areas. Spectacular and original, self-made compositions that frame the trunk circles allow you to decorate the garden space and fill it with special charm.