Pak-choi cabbage is one of the oldest vegetable crops and the closest relative of Peking cabbage, but it is rarely cultivated. Pak-choi cabbage is a bit like salad culture and chard. This early-growing vegetable plant is popular in Chinese and Asian cuisine.
To grow such a plant, there is no need to be a professional grower. Pak-choi cabbage is very unpretentious and requires compliance with simple agricultural measures during cultivation.
Characteristics of pak choi cabbage
Agrotechnical requirements for the cultivation of Chinese cabbage are slightly different than for most of the usual cabbage plants. Pak-choi is practically not demanding on the qualitative composition of the soil and perfectly forms the crop when grown on poorly fertilized soil.
The Chinese variety of cabbage does not head out and is similar in appearance to exotic greens or salad vegetables. Refers to early ripening species that, after planting, seedlings ripen thirty days later. The warm Asian climate allows you to grow and get pack-cho many times in one season.
In Russia, you can grow two varieties of Pak Choy:
- having a dark green leaf part and white petioles;
- having all the parts is completely light green.
Useful properties of pak choi cabbage
The main feature of this cabbage culture is the high rates of an amino acid called lysine, which is very useful for the human body. An important advantage is the rich composition of vitamins, as well as the main mineral substances that have a beneficial effect on human health.
Pak Choi has a very wide scope in terms of cooking. Most often, this vegetable crop is used in a variety of salads, as a vitamin green crop. Pak Choi can be stewed and used as a side dish for a variety of meat or fish dishes.
For faster and more friendly germination of seeds, pack soil should be very loose and light. If seedlings are grown in the warm season or in a room with a high temperature, then the seeds are sown in late March.
It is very convenient to grow pack-choi in several stages, making intervals between sowing seeds in two weeks. After the formation of five true leaves on a plant, seedlings are transplanted. This period falls on the third week after sowing seeds in a tank with soil. Particular attention should be paid to poor survival of seedlings when transplanting to a permanent place.
Of particular importance for productivity is the correct choice of variety. It is very important to choose a variety of pak choi, which breeders have bred for cultivation in similar weather conditions, and is also not susceptible to damage by pests or diseases.
Experts recommend either extremely careful transshipment of seedlings with an earthen lump, or to grow pak-choy on ridges by direct sowing of seeds. Sowing seeds on ridges is carried out in an ordinary way. The gap from one row to another should be at least thirty centimeters.
Ridges with crops need to be covered with a covering film and then the first entrances can be observed in a week. The pubescence of plantations with ordinary wood ash is very correct, which perfectly protects seedlings from the invasion of the worst enemy of cabbage crops in the form of a cruciferous flea.
Pak-choy cabbage: useful properties (video)
The most effective is the preparation of soil for sowing seeds from last fall. Preparation consists in deep digging, at least a bayonet of a shovel, digging with combining fertilizer application. Good results are shown by the application of organic fertilizers in an amount not exceeding ten liters per square meter of beds. To get a good harvest, you need to add superphosphate fertilizers and a little lime to the organic matter.
In the early days of spring, fertilized ridges need to be covered with a dark dense film, which will help the soil quickly thaw and warm up to a temperature comfortable for growing plants. Next, the thawed earth is dug up with the introduction of urea.
Pak-choi should not be grown as a subsequent crop after plants such as cabbage, radish and other cruciferous plants. The cabbage root system is located in the surface layers of the earth and does not penetrate more than fifteen centimeters.
It is very important that during the growing season the plants do not process and spray with chemicals and agents that can accumulate in parts of the pack that are eaten. The process of pollination with Beijing cabbage is allowed. Despite the exoticism, the pak-choi is very unpretentious to the growing conditions and does not require any special care from the grower.
Some features when growing Pak-choi cabbage still exist, and if you adhere to them, the yield will be very high.
- Most importantly, do not forget that Chinese cabbage can shoot and bloom at the stage when daylight hours increase significantly.
- The best growing date is from the end of April. It is at this time that the active formation and growth of the vegetative mass occurs. Plant growers who have been planting pak-choi since mid-May risk getting a plant that will bloom and leave into the stem. A good time to grow Chinese cabbage is the end of July, when daylight hours are on the decline, and the plant gives a very high yield.
- The basis of care is carrying out weeding measures, which can be replaced by mulching plants with needles, mowed grass, straw or sawdust. It is also important to timely water and protect against diseases and pests.
Diseases and Pests
The greatest harm is done to Pak-cho cabbage of cruciferous flea species. This very small pest can completely destroy all plantings. The pest begins its flight in early spring, after the air warms up to fifteen degrees of heat. A very active and massive oviposition occurs during the same period.
The cruciferous fleas, awakening from hibernation, immediately begin to intensively feed on young plants and can completely eat a plant beginning active growth in a couple of days.
There are several very effective methods and tools that will save the plants from death. Of great importance during this period is the abundant watering of seedlings. This pest does not tolerate high humidity, since plants growing on well-moistened soil are perfectly protected from cruciferous fleas.
A very good result is given by the method of pollination of young and already adult plants with any mixtures, the basis of which is represented by ordinary wood ash or tobacco dust.
We also recommend that you read the article on cabbage pests and how to deal with them.
The best infusions from pest choi pests:
- a solution of liquid soap with sifted wood ash;
- infusion based on garlic and fresh tomato leaves;
- infusion of the root part of dandelion and liquid soap;
- a solution of acetic water;
- infusion of green wormwood and garlic arrows.
Pak Choy Cabbage: Growing and Care (video)
If the plant grower does not have the opportunity to spray or pollinate the plants, then you can briefly apply the covering of immature plants with light non-woven covering material such as spunbond, agrospam or lutrasil.