Ficus Elastica, or rubbery, from the Latin name Ficus elastica, is a plant from the genus Ficus. The homeland of this popular houseplant is the territory of northeast India, as well as southern Indonesia.
Description of Ficus Elastic
Rubber ficus, or Elastic, is an evergreen tree that can reach 40 meters in the wild.
The next arrangement of leaves gives the plant a high decorative effect. The leaves are oval and have a sharp end. They are leathery, shiny and reach a length of 30 centimeters with a width of not more than 20 centimeters. Young foliage has a pinkish-brownish color. Old leaves are characterized by a dark green color.
Small oval-shaped fruits formed on the plant have a yellow-green color. In conditions of indoor floriculture, ficus elastica blooms extremely rarely.
In decorative indoor floriculture, several varieties of ficus Elastic are grown, among which the varieties "Robusta", "Melanie", "Abidjan", "Mix", "Belize" and "Tenique" are especially popular.
Robusta is one of the most unpretentious and hardy varieties of ficus Elastika. This houseplant is ideal for growing beginners or too busy gardeners. Thick leaves of ficus contribute to the effective purification of indoor air from harmful substances. Feng Shui teachings recommend growing Robusta ficus to people who are prone to excesses in food or spending.
Elastica Melany is the best and most promising cultivar for growing in small spaces. Elastic Melanie is very compact and has a very decorative appearance. The plant has small leaves of dark green color and very good bush. Ficus Melanie is unpretentious in leaving.
Ficus Elastic Abidjan is characterized by very wide leaves with maroon staining. This is a houseplant unpretentious and perfect for growing by beginner growerswho are just beginning to learn the basics of indoor crop production.
Ficus Elastica Mix is an evergreen plant with oblong-oval, medium-sized leathery leaves. The foliage has a dark green color and a characteristic sheen.m
The rubbery ficus Elastica Belize is very popular. The plant has an original three-color staining of the leaves. They have pink and white edges and a green central part. This variety of Elastica is distinguished by the demands on lighting and needs high-quality care.
Ficus Tenike has a very characteristic foliage with irregular spotting. Very peculiar in shape spots can be white and green. This sort of indoor ficus elastic very moody and requires very competent care.
Ficus Elastica: care (video)
Caring for indoor ficus Elastica is not difficult. A significant part of the varieties of this species of ficus is unpretentious.
Variegated varieties of ficus Elastic should be located in well-lit places. The plant needs protection against drafts and shading in order to prevent direct sunlight.
Standard room temperatures are suitable for growing Elastics. In winter, the room temperature should not fall below 10 degrees.
Watering and feeding
Irrigation activities are carried out as necessary. Watering with warm and settled water should be carried out when the soil dries in a flower pot. The plant can not be flooded. Excess moisture causes rotting of the root system, which can lead to the death of ficus.
Ficus should be fed in the warm season. Organic and mineral fertilizers should be introduced, which must be alternated.
Shaping and trimming
In the spring period, sanitary pruning of the plant should be carried out. Excessive as well as injured shoots are subject to removal. Moreover, the plant tolerates formation well, with which you can give the crown a very decorative appearance.
Ficus Elastic can be propagated by means of cuttings or by air layering. Some varieties of Elastic are perfectly propagated by seeds. However, propagation by cuttings is most in demand, the rooting of which is carried out both in water and through direct planting in the soil substrate.
Diseases and Pests
Ficus Elastica are affected by scabs, thrips and spider mites. You can get rid of these plant parasites with the help of special drugs, including such a powerful tool as "Aktara", or through folk, proven means. The most effective is rubbing the foliage and stem with a soap solution.
Plant problems such as falling and twisting, yellowing of the leaves, as well as excessive stretching of the stem, are most often provoked by non-compliance with the rules of care. In addition, the dosage of nutrients during the application of fertilizing is of particular importance. Both a deficiency and an overabundance of fertilizers can have a negative effect on a houseplant.
We also suggest you read an article about Benjamin's Natasha Ficus.
Tips & Tricks
An important condition for maintaining the health of a houseplant such as Ficus Elastica is the timely transplantation. Young plants should be transplanted at least once every two years, and more mature ficus can be transplanted no more than once every four years.
How to transplant ficus elastica (video)
When transplanting, the transshipment method is used, and the plant itself is planted with the same degree of penetration as before this procedure. Despite some stress, the rubbery ficus quickly adapts and takes root after transplantation and pleases the grower with its decorative and bright foliage for many years.