Apple trees are a leading fruit crop, which accounts for more than 70% of the total area of garden plantings. Every year, breeders create new varieties that are able to interest even the most sophisticated in terms of choosing varieties of gardeners in our country.
The history of selection of the variety “Red Chief"
Red Chiffon apple trees (variants of the name: Red Chef, Redchief) are not red-popular and popular varieties, but they are very beautiful and tasty. The variety was obtained in America and is a clone of the better-known Red Delicious apple tree. The homeland of the Red Chief is Clay County in West Virginia. It is assumed that the variety was the result of an accidental sowing that occurred after the crossing of the Golden Rainet and Grims Golden varieties. The Red Chef apple tree was introduced to the market in 1914.
The variety is characterized by a ringed type of fruiting and is characterized by early maturity: the apple tree gives its first crop two years after planting in a permanent place. Fruits favorably differ in product attractiveness, which makes it possible to use the variety as commercial among others from the Delicious group.
A feature of the variety "Red chief" apple trees is the ability to use it if necessary to carry out a compact landing, due to the compactness of the crown, as well as the average growth power of the tree. Landing is recommended using a weak or medium rootstock. Indicators of drought resistance and winter hardiness in this variety are average, and yield parameters are high.
The benefits of the variety are:
- excellent characteristics of the fruit;
- high resistance to mechanical damage;
- good keeping quality of fruits, which are perfectly preserved until the first decade of February without the use of special equipment;
- excellent appearance and consumer qualities of apples;
- low sensitivity of wood to damage by a bacterial burn and powdery mildew;
- average winter hardiness.
An impressive list of benefits makes the variety popular. However, some of its disadvantages should be taken into account:
- low adaptive capacity during cultivation;
- poor resistance to certain diseases, including bitter spotting, scab, rot and vitreous fruit pulp.
Proper care and preventive measures minimize these varietal deficiencies.
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Red Chiffon apple trees form a high and very high-quality crop, which is stored for a long time and meets high requirements for taste and external characteristics.
Fruits, their nutritional value and chemical composition
The variety is characterized by rather large fruits, the mass of which most often exceeds 200 grams. The shape of the fruit is truncated-conical and slightly elongated. Apples have five mounds on top and are characterized by a greenish-yellow color of the skin with the presence of an extensive bright blush of saturated red color.
The pulp of the fruit has a light cream color. It is quite dense, of medium juiciness. Apples are very fragrant and have a sweet taste. The tasting score is 4.8 points. The surface of the fruit is covered with a sufficiently thick and translucent wax coating.
A significant part of consumer reviews characterizes the variety as very tasty and puts it among the best. Fruits contain not more than 15% dry matter, sufficient sugar and a small amount of acid. Pulp is characterized by a large amount of vitamin C, as well as P-active substances.
Fruit trees of this variety are characterized by low stature. Apple trees are distinguished by the formation of a compact and rounded crown. This feature makes it possible to plant fruit trees in compacted rows. Red chiffon apples are very winter-hardy and characterized by moderate drought tolerance, high resistance to damage by powdery mildew and an average level of resistance to other fungal or bacterial diseases.
Fruit trees of the Red Chiff variety belong to the category of apple trees that enter fruiting early. The first crop is formed in the second or third year after planting a plant in a permanent place. The variety belongs to winter. Mass ripening of fruits occurs at the end of October.
One of the main advantages of the variety is the very long shelf life of the harvested crop. With proper organization of the place and observing storage conditions, the fruits can maintain quality indicators and taste for eight months. In addition, apples of this variety have excellent transportability.
You may also be interested in an article on the Lobo apple tree variety.
Landing and care
Not only plant health, but also yield depends on proper planting and compliance with cultivation rules. Planting seedlings can be carried out both in the spring and in the fall.
It is recommended to use plants on weak or medium rootstocks. Landing on weak rootstocks is carried out in accordance with the 4 x 1.5 meter scheme. The soil should be prepared depending on the stocks.
The best place for fruit planting of the Red Chiff apple tree is considered to be a place with a maximum level of illumination, which allows you to get fruits with bright and attractive staining. Elstar and Gloucester, as well as Golden Delishes are among the best pollinators. It is advisable to plant these fruit trees in the immediate vicinity of the planting of the Red Chiff apple tree.
Caring for fruit trees of this variety is standard and includes regular watering, loosening of tree trunks, mulching for the winter, top dressing with standard fertilizer for fruit plants, and pruning of the crown in the form of a spindle, bush or fruit wall.
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Apples of this variety are characterized by medium resistance to scab, resistance to damage by powdery mildew and bacterial burn, which allows the plant to be classified as fruit trees with moderate damage by diseases and pests. However, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying with special means to protect fruit trees, as well as adherence to cultivation and care technology, which will increase the immunity of the plant.