Apricot variety "Success" was bred as a result of work on the pollination of three high-yielding and very resistant varieties, which positively affected its characteristics. Pollination of the West European variety "Luise" was carried out by a pollen mixture of the variety "Comrade" and apricot "Best Michurinsky".
The breeding form of apricot called "Success" is classified as frost-resistant. Most often, this variety is grafted onto stocks of cherry plum and plum, that allows you to get fruit plants with the highest rates of frost resistance. Flower buds are able to persist even with a prolonged decrease in temperature.
Description and features of the variety
Apricot called "Success" of medium height, with a slightly branched crown. Fruits reach a mass of 30-32 g and are characterized by yellow-orange attractive staining and the presence of a red spot tan at the stage of complete maturation.
The ripe pulp of the fruits of this variety is sweet and sour, very juicy and tender. Taste quality of fruits is high. The stone in the fruits is small in size, it is quite well separated from the ripe pulp.
Variety "Success" refers to the category of partially self-pollinating. The average yield, subject to growing technology, is about 33-35 kg per adult fruit tree. Apricot ripening during cultivation in home gardening in central Russia falls in the second half of August.
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The standard protection of Success apricot against sunburn, frost, and also against diseases and pests is an integral part of growing this popular fruit crop in home gardening.
Most often apricot plantings are damaged by such insects:
- peach codling moth, whose caterpillars very actively eat ripening fruits and are able to winter in the near-stem circles of the affected fruit stands;
- leaflet wintering in fallen foliage and under the bark of apricot trees, damaging the buds of the apricot and its foliage;
- aphids that feed on plant sap of fruit plantations and cause foliage deformation and partial or complete loss of plant green mass as a result of photosynthesis disturbance.
In order to protect apricot trees from the harmful effects of the most common plant parasites, it is necessary to use the most effective and modern insecticidal agents. High efficiency, for example, is shown by the systematic spraying of the crown with a 0.2% solution of chlorophos or a 0.5% solution of the Entobacterin preparation.
For prophylactic purposes, it is recommended to use effective folk remedies that can scare insect pests from fruit plantations. For example, in the fight against aphids, infusions based on chopped garlic or onion husks with the addition of a small amount of laundry soap have proven themselves well.
To protect plants from parasites, it is very important to systematically inspect apricot trees and carry out timely whitewashing of the bark on boles, as well as spring cleaning and sanitary trimming of the crown.
Success apricot belongs to very stable stone fruit crops, but if agricultural technology is not followed, it may be affected by moniliosis, bacterial spotting, verticillosis, cytosporosis, hole spotting and gum-curing.
To prevent the defeat of such diseases, it is recommended to carry out preventive spraying of the crown in late autumn, in the early spring, as well as after flowering with preparations containing copper, including Horus, Mikosan-B, Bordeaux mixture and Skor. The treatment of fruit plantings with the effective funds “Fundazol”, “Previkur” and “Vitaros” shows good efficiency. Also, one should not neglect the timely and most competent conduct of sanitary trimming of the crown.
Apricot called "Success" first blooms and bears fruit for about the fifth year after planting. Winter hardiness of fruit trees and especially flowering buds is very high. Reviews of gardeners about this variety in most regions of our country are positive.
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Highly appreciated are the fruits of the presentation with amber yellow, juicy, sweet and slightly sour flesh. Trees of medium growth strength are distinguished by weak branching, which is very convenient for growing fruit crops in small garden and garden plots. The variety is undemanding to soil conditions, but summer residents have noticed that this apricot grows best and bears fruit on well-aerated soils containing a sufficient amount of lime. The minor disadvantages of the Success apricot include genetically-based partial self-fertility. However, planting on the site even one apricot plant of another variety eliminates this small minus, allowing you to get decent annual yields of delicious fruits.