The breeding achievements of domestic and foreign specialists, based on the cross of remotely related fruits, made it possible to obtain very unusual combinations of taste and color. Apricot hybrids are exotic today and are extremely rare in home gardening.
The most unusual apricot hybrids
For many summer residents, the unusual name of the fruit tree can cause confusion. There are not too many hybrids in the removal of which one of the plants of the parental pair is represented by apricot, as well as peach or nectarine. Nevertheless, experienced amateur gardeners have been successfully cultivating varieties for several years in which the genes of such familiar garden crops as apple, apricot, pear, nectarine and plum are mixed. Such an unusual mixture compares favorably not only with its external attractiveness, but also with very good taste.
A hybrid of plum, apricot and peach is called "sharafuga". In appearance, the fruits are something between a plum and an apricot, with a purple surface, but somewhat larger than a garden plum. The fully ripened charafug pulp has a good combination of apricot and plum flavor, and the bone has a more rounded shape. The hybrid is characterized by excellent winter hardiness, which allows you to grow the plant in regions with adverse soil and climatic conditions. The fruits of sharafuga are well suited for making compotes, jams and very fragrant preserves. Fruit crops such as apricot, cherry plum and plum can be grafted onto a sharafugu.
A hybrid of peach and nectarine, which is called "picerin", is especially popular among gardeners in our country. The fruits of this hybrid form are similar to nectarine, but have a very unusual, brightly colored flesh. No less popular is a hybrid based on nectarine and apricot. Signs of nectarine dominate, which is reflected in the name of the fruit - "nectakot". Hybrid forms, the parent line of which is represented by apricots and plums, are most common in home gardening.
Cherry plum hybrid with apricot: growing (video)
Apricot and Plum Hybrids
Plum-apricot hybrid forms are represented by several varieties:
- Hybrid obtained by crossing apricot and plum called a priori. A genetic feature is the composition: 75% apricot and only 25% plums. The hybrid form was obtained by California breeder Floyd Zeiger more than twenty years ago. The surface of the ripe fruit is smooth, covers a denser and less juicy than apricot pulp with a high content of fructose. The aroma and taste are very high, with an orange or apricot-plum finish.
- A full-fledged cross hybrid form of plum and apricot is called plumkot. Fruits in appearance are more like garden plums, but they have flesh colored in various shades of red. Plumkots are distinguished by a very smooth, plum peel and are being sold under the name "pluot".
Wide popularity among domestic gardeners received plumkot varieties Hummingbird, for propagation of which not seeds are used, but green and lignified cuttings, which should be grafted onto a correctly selected stock. Plants of this variety are characterized by early maturity and bear fruit in the second or third year after vaccination.
The Hummingbird variety, which has proven itself in the conditions of home gardening, was bred as a result of hybridization of the Kuban Comet plum and the apricot-peach hybrid. Ripened fruits are characterized by large size and wide oval shape. The surface is red-violet, with slight pubescence. Ripe pulp with medium density, yellow, sour-sweet taste. Harvesting is carried out in late July. The trees are weak and winter-hardy, have sufficient indicators of resistance to damage by moniliosis and cytosporosis.
Thus, plum fruits with 1/4 apricot were named by the floats, and with 1/4 of the apricot are called "a priori". Slibrikos are perfect for fresh consumption, as well as for making juices, preserves, desserts and homemade wine. From ripe fruits, you can prepare jams, salads or use them as a very tasty and fragrant filling for baking. Hybrid forms are quite unpretentious, but to obtain stable and high yields, planting technology should be followed and competent care should be taken immediately after planting fruit seedlings in a permanent place.
For landing, you should select a site with a flat surface or on a certain hill. The soil must be breathable, without stagnation of moisture. In the southern regions, autumn planting is possible. When growing in central Russia, it is preferable to use fruit planting in the early spring. When planting, it is necessary to take into account some features of the hybrid form of fruit culture:
- soil preparation on the site is carried out in advance and includes deep digging with the introduction of two buckets of humus or compost, as well as 70 g of superphosphate and 35 g of potash fertilizer;
- if the soil is prone to acidification, then measures for liming and applying about 0.3-0.5 kg of lime per square meter are mandatory;
- the dimensions of the landing pit should be at least 0.8x0.8x0.8 m, which will make it possible to introduce a layer of high-quality drainage in the form of a brick battle or stones;
- the root system of the plant should be distributed over a layer of nutritious soil mixture covered with soil over the drainage with the addition of basic fertilizers.
After planting, the plant should be fixed on a support peg and water abundantly. In hot weather, you should mulch trunks circles with organic matter, which will reduce moisture evaporation and improve soil composition.
Growing technology involves the following care measures:
- in the spring, immediately after the snow melts, the garden plantings are fed with nitrogen fertilizers in the form of urea or ammonium nitrate from a flow rate of 25 g per square meter;
- in the spring it is very important to carry out deep cultivation and harrowing, followed by mulching of the soil in the trunk circles;
- immediately after flowering, a three-fold foliar top dressing is carried out with micronutrient fertilizers or Kemira Universal;
- hybrid plants have sufficient frost resistance, therefore, use of shelter for the winter period is not required;
- high resistance to various diseases and plant parasites reduces the need for preventive spraying with Bordeaux fluid;
- in the autumn period it is recommended to conduct a high-quality whitewashing of the stem and skeletal branches and make two buckets of humus.
How to plant apricot (video)
It is very important to chalk the soil every three years. In addition, hybrid plants need annual sanitary pruning and shortening of branches by 50%, which will provide the most productive and convenient crown for growing.