Vaccination of a peach is a rather painstaking task, requiring from the gardener not only accuracy of movements, but also strict adherence to technology. For beginning gardeners, you need to know the timing and the best time when the peach is vaccinated, and also choose the right plants and trees that can be used as stock. As a rule, it is recommended to plant plants in the spring. To properly plant a peach, you should study the features of such an agrotechnical technique and the botanical features of the plants used.
Peach vaccination for cherry plum and plum
Quite often, amateur gardeners plant a peach culture on cherry plum or plum. Both varieties of stone fruits are characterized by relative unpretentiousness, and plum practically does not affect the most common diseases and plant parasites.
However, most experienced gardeners practicing peach propagation in home gardening using the vaccination method note that cherry plum is of little use as a stock for peach. The main argument in favor of such a conclusion is the tendency of cherry plum to a significant increase in prickly shoots, which makes it difficult to care for fruit stands.
Peach inoculation for nectarine and apricot
In most cases, when vaccinated, peach may not have good compatibility with stocks in the form of nectarine. Inoculating a peach in the crown of a cannabis or wild unvaccinated apricot allows you to get a fairly high and high-quality yield.
Even after a few years, there is good compatibility of the stock and scion on the site of vaccination and the complete absence of sag or growths, as well as rejection. In addition, peach varieties bred and selected by amateur gardeners, in terms of winter hardiness, show almost 100% compatibility with stocks represented by herring seedlings.
How to plant apricot on a plum tree (video)
Peach grafting on peach
Peach plantations grown on peach seedlings are best managed when cultivated in areas represented by loamy fertile soils under conditions of regular and fairly plentiful irrigation. When using peaches as a stock, it is very important to take into account the fact that places that have carbonate, gravel, heavy and saline soil in their composition are not suitable for this type of stock.
The advantages of using peach stock are the lack of propensity of the grafted plant to form root shoots, durability and low risk of damage by drying out. The disadvantages of such a vaccination include not very high rates of frost resistance of the roots and the relative drought tolerance of fruit stands.
The best types of stock
When choosing and determining the compatibility indicators of the stock with peach grafts, one should take into account the fact that weakly stock stocks are characterized by good productivity, and the fruits ripen earlier and have larger sizes. The following varieties of stock are optimal for peach vaccination:
Most common ways
Experts and experienced gardeners recommend a peach vaccination in the spring. When vaccinating, it is most convenient to use a clerical knife, secateurs or a special eyepiece knife, in which the blade is slightly inclined downward. All tools used should be clean and as sharp as possible. There are several basic ways to peach in the spring:
The method of budding in the crown of a plant
It is carried out using a conventional knife or a special grafting secateurs, which should make a T-shaped incision, and then insert the shield. Vaccination measures must be carried out in the early morning, in conditions of high humidity. The plant enters the fruiting stage approximately two years after the vaccination.
The method of budding in the butt
This vaccination option is carried out exclusively on young fruit stands. The method consists in the use of two shields, which should be installed with a distance of 5-6 cm on the branches and tightly tied with a film. After about three to four weeks, the strapping should be removed, as well as pruning the branch slightly above the point of grafting.
Copy method without tongue
Vaccination in this way must be carried out in the first decade of March. Particular attention should be paid to the same cut sizes on both the cuttings and the stock. The grafting area should be fixed with a film, which should be removed only when the length of the grafted shoot is 25-30 cm.
If such an agrotechnical technique as grafting fruit stands is carried out at the stage of active flowering of a plant, then all buds must be removed. When carrying out inoculation activities using felt cherries as stock, experts recommend using special supports under the branches of the plant without fail, which will insure fruit stands from breaking branches under the weight of the fruit.
Familiarization with the recommendations of experts and the feedback of experienced gardeners allows you to select the best way to vaccinate, depending on varietal characteristics and soil and climatic conditions in the cultivation region.