Growing gladiolus seeds is usually preferred by professionals. For amateur gardeners, such a planting process may be too long and time-consuming. If you understand how to properly propagate gladioli seeds, you can not only grow plants annually, but also develop new hybrid varieties of these beautiful majestic flowers.
Before you grow gladioli from children or seeds, you should study as much as possible of available information on this subject. Not only books will help, but also the living experience of professional gardeners. The information collected will be especially useful if you want to create a new variety yourself. After collecting seeds for gladioli, planting should be successful. When choosing planting material, we must take into account that hybrid varieties in most cases do not acquire seeds.
When the desire to get your personal variety is great, growing gladioli from seeds can be extremely interesting, despite the complexity and scrupulousness. The first step is independent artificial pollination of gladiolus flowers. This is a complex process that needs to be allocated enough time. Hastily, without understanding, it is not worth producing it, since you can ruin the mother plants. Usually pollination is carried out in order to bring out a new early flowering plant or flowers of an unusual shape and color scheme.
How to pollinate
In the natural environment, these flowers are not pollinated by themselves. The pollen of the flowers ripens later than the pestle opens. Gladiolus is pollinated by bees or by gusts of wind. However, it is difficult to control with which flower the mother-plant will cross. Therefore, those who choose the propagation of gladioli by seeds should learn to pollinate the flowers on their own in order to be able to breed plants with given external features.
Carry out artificial pollination as follows:
- Anthers are carefully separated from father's blossoming flowers.
- Cut the parts of the flowers carefully laid out on plain paper and leave to ripen.
- After the pollen spills out, which will indicate maturation, it is carefully collected.
- Anthers are cut from mother plants. Maternal flowers are covered with gauze bags and await the disclosure of the pestle.
- On the stigma of the pestle with a small brush, the pollen collected from the father's flowers is applied, after which the gauze bag is again put on the flower.
- To pollinated plants hang tags with data on the parent flowers.
Do not despair if the procedure fails the first time. Due to its complexity, it is better to methodically pollinate until it is possible to achieve an ideal result. More than 2-3 flowers on one peduncle should not be pollinated, it is better to remove excess ones. The bags are removed when the seed boxes appear in the flowers.
Ready-made seeds of gladioli look like small thin plates with a germ in the center and a total size of not more than 0.02 cm in diameter. Usually in a seed box they are up to 180-200 pieces. It is required to store them indoors, in too dry or wet conditions the prepared planting material can quickly lose germination.
Preparing bamberger onion seeds and gladioli (video)
Growing gladioli from harvested seeds
Cooked seeds are planted at the end of winter. For planting, a substrate is necessarily prepared from river sand and decayed leaves in a ratio of 1: 2, you can add a bit of turf land. The seeds themselves right before planting for 3 hours are soaked in a special solution of sodium humate. Due to the small size, the seeds are not buried in the ground, but distributed on the substrate superficially. The container with landings is closed with a film and sent to a warm place.
As it dries, the soil is moistened, and the film is removed daily for 30-40 minutes to air and remove accumulated condensate.
After 6-8 weeks, it is possible to organize the hardening of growing seedlings. The containers are carried outside, covering the landing from sunlight in the early days. Then the length of stay is increased by about 1 hour. Seedlings continue to grow in crates until the fall, but if the plantings are dense, you can transplant them into open soil. If you follow the rules for seedling care, then after 12 months you can expect the formation of young bulbs up to 8-14 mm in size. They are dug out of the ground just before the onset of cold weather and stored in gauze bags in a suspended form for ventilation. A cool, dry place would be ideal. If there is no possibility to hang, then the onions are folded in drawers in layers. In this case, the height of one layer should not be higher than 50 mm.
In the second year, gladioli will please the gardener with the first flowers of the resulting new variety. Seen results can both strengthen the belief that it is extremely difficult to grow gladioli from seeds, and prove that nothing is impossible and with due diligence to plant gladioli in this unusual way can also be very successful.
Of course, someone is more familiar with the usual process in which it is necessary to collect and plant children of gladioli. It requires less time, so almost all gardeners use it. This method of growing flowers allows you to save the properties of the variety, which is impossible when growing from seeds. However, the breeding of new varieties in the case of using traditional methods of propagation of gladioli should be forgotten.